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Positive- and negative peer modelling effects on young children’s consumption of novel blue foods

Greenhalgh, Janette; Dowey, Alan J.; Horne, Pauline J.; Lowe, C. Fergus; Griffiths, John H. and Whitaker, Chris J. (2009) Positive- and negative peer modelling effects on young children’s consumption of novel blue foods. Appetite, 52 (3). pp. 646-653. ISSN 1095-8304 (Online); 0195-6663 (Print)

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Objective: The effects of positive- and negative peer modelling on children’s consumption of a novel blue food, presented in each of four snack meals during an “activity” day, were evaluated. It was predicted that: i) novel food consumption would increase after positive modelling, but decrease after negative modelling; ii) modelling effects would generalise to a second novel blue food when participants were alone when they ate their snack; iii) that positive modelling would reverse the effects of negative modelling. Design: A mixed design was employed with random assignment to either Group A, Group B, or Group C (equal numbers of males and females per group). Within groups, each participant received the novel food on four snack occasions. Group A received positive modelling of blue food consumption on the first and third occasions, but were alone when they received the foods on the second and fourth occasions; Group B had negative modelling on the first occasion, positive modelling on the third, and ate alone on the second and fourth; Group C ate alone on all four occasions. To measure generalisation, an additional blue food was presented in all second and fourth “alone” occasions. Participants: Thirty-five 5- to 7 year olds took part in Study 1, and 44 3- to 4 year olds in Study 2. Results: All main predictions were confirmed except that positive peer modelling did not reverse the effects of negative modelling in the 3- to 4 year olds. Conclusion: Negative peer modelling inhibits novel food consumption, and its effects are particularly difficult to reverse in younger children.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Available online 6th March 2009. Issue date: June 2009.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Young children; novel foods; positive peer modelling; negative peer modelling; consumption; preference reversal; food acceptance; generalisation
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Departments, Research Centres and Related Units:Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Faculty of Medicine > School of Population, Community & Behavioural Sciences
ID Code:1182
Deposited On:20 Oct 2009 17:10
Last Modified:19 May 2011 17:49

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