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Consolidation and separation: British archives and American historians at the turn of the twentieth century

Procter, Margaret (2006) Consolidation and separation: British archives and American historians at the turn of the twentieth century. Archival Science, 6 (3-4). pp. 361-379. ISSN 1573-7519 (Online); 1389-0166 (Print)

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Although American historians used British archives throughout the nineteenth century, the most fruitful period of contact was in the decades covering the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. Scholarly collaboration and initiatives for ‘advanced historical training’ were accompanied by American funding which provided for both intellectual and physical access to British archives. From the 1920s, the formalisation of many of these relationships and projects contributed towards the development of the separate professional structures which exist today for archivists and historians on both sides of the Atlantic. This process has obscured the role of the many individuals whose activities spanned, without arousing comment, both groups pre-1930. One such British ‘historical worker’ was Hubert Hall. While Hall’s long career provides many examples of trans-Atlantic collaboration, it also coincided almost exactly with the establishment of firm professional boundaries, a development which inevitably led to the demise of the generalist ‘historical worker’ as a recognisable type.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Published online 4 July 2007. Issue date: Dec 2006.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Historians; Archivists; Anglo-American collaboration; Professionalisation
Subjects:Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > Z665 Library Science. Information Science
E History America > E151 United States (General)
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Departments, Research Centres and Related Units:Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Faculty of Arts > School of History
Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Research Centres > Archive Studies, Centre for
Publisher's Statement:© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007. The original publication is available at
ID Code:172
Deposited On:11 Dec 2008 10:44
Last Modified:20 May 2011 19:03

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