Skip navigation
Scholarly Communication

Evolving formulations: Sharing complex information with clients

Kinderman, Peter and Lobban, Fiona (2000) Evolving formulations: Sharing complex information with clients. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 28 (3). pp. 307-310. ISSN 1469-1833 (Online); 1352-4658 (Print)


Official URL:


Psychological formulations are central to cognitive behavioural approaches. The use of such formulations presents a number of difficulties when working with clients with psychotic problems. Despite this, sophisticated psychological formulations can be collaboratively developed with psychotic clients. This paper presents one method of developing such formulations through an evolutionary process. Early in the therapeutic process, simple formulations involving straightforward theoretical models are presented, which are systematically elaborated as therapy proceeds. This involves developing, collaboratively with clients, successive layers of formulation. Each of these layers builds on and incorporates the previous one, yet involves an incremental increase in complexity, depth and informational content. The evolutionary process is illustrated with a case example.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Issue 3 - July 2000. No DOI available.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Formulation; cognitive therapy; psychosis; complexity; information
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments, Research Centres and Related Units:Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Faculty of Medicine > School of Population, Community & Behavioural Sciences
Publisher's Statement:Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 2000, 28, 307–310 Cambridge University Press. Printed in the United Kingdom. Copyright © 2000 British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies.
Related URLs:
ID Code:454
Deposited On:12 May 2008 15:04
Last Modified:30 Apr 2012 10:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Full text only
Peer reviewed only

Cross Archive Search
Top 50 authors
Top 50 items
[more statistics]

These pages are maintained by Library Staff @ University of Liverpool Library


All pages © The University of Liverpool, 2004 | Disclaimer | Accessibility | Staff | Students