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Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection

Enayati, Ahmadali; Hemingway, Janet and Garner, Paul (2007) Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2). Article Number: CD005434.

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Abstract

Background Electronic mosquito repellents (EMRs) are marketed to prevent mosquitoes biting and to prevent malaria. Objectives To assess whether EMRs prevent mosquito bites, and to assess any evidence of an effect on malaria infection. Search strategy In August 2006, we searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, and the Science Citation Index. We also checked conference proceedings, contacted international specialist centres and EMR manufacturers, and checked reference lists. Selection criteria Field entomological studies, which controlled for geographic site, time, and attractiveness of human participants, of EMRs for preventing mosquito bites; and randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials of EMRs to prevent malaria infection. Data collection and analysis Two authors assessed trial quality, and extracted and analysed the data. Main results Ten field entomological studies met the inclusion criteria. All 10 studies found that there was no difference in the number of mosquitoes caught from the bare body parts of the human participants with or without an EMR. No randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of EMR on malaria infection were found. Authors' conclusions Field entomological studies confirm that EMRs have no effect on preventing mosquito bites. Therefore there is no justification for marketing them to prevent malaria infection.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Additional Citation Information: This record should be cited as: Enayati AA, Hemingway J, Garner P. Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD005434. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2 This version first published online: 18 April 2007 in Issue 2, 2007 Date of Most Recent Substantive Amendment: 16 February 2007
Uncontrolled Keywords:REPELLING DEVICE; TESTS
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments, Research Centres and Related Units:Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2
Publisher's Statement:This review is published as a Cochrane Review in The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 2. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and The Cochrane Library should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review.' (This statement should refer to the most recent version of The Cochrane Library in which the Review appears.)
Refereed:Yes
Status:Published
ID Code:665
Deposited On:14 Aug 2008 10:23
Last Modified:15 Mar 2012 16:53

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