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Scholarly Communication

Controlled delivery of antimicrobial gallium ions from phosphate-based glasses

Valappil, S.P.; Ready, D.; Abou Neel, E.A.; Pickup, D.M.; O'Dell, L.A.; Chrzanowski, W.; Pratten, J.; Newport, R.J.; Smith, M.E.; Wilson, M. and Knowles, J.C. (2008) Controlled delivery of antimicrobial gallium ions from phosphate-based glasses. Acta Biomaterialia, 5 (4). pp. 1198-1210. ISSN 1742-7061

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Gallium-doped phosphate-based glasses (PBGs) have been recently shown to have antibacterial activity. However, the delivery of gallium ions from these glasses can be improved by altering the calcium ion concentration to control the degradation rate of the glasses. In the present study, the effect of increasing calcium content in novel gallium (Ga2O3)-doped PBGs on the susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is examined. The lack of new antibiotics in development makes gallium-doped PBG potentially a highly promising new therapeutic agent. The results show that an increase in calcium content (14, 15, and 16 mol% CaO) cause a decrease in degradation rate (17.6, 13.5 and 7.3 µ2.h1), gallium ion release and antimicrobial activity against planktonic P. aeruginosa. The most potent glass composition (containing 14 mol% CaO) was then evaluated for its ability to prevent the growth of biofilms of P. aeruginosa. Gallium release was found to reduce biofilm growth of P. aeruginosa with a maximum effect (0.86 Log10 CFU reduction compared to Ga2O3-free glasses) after 48h. Analysis of the biofilms by confocal microscopy confirmed the anti-biofilm effect of these glasses as it showed both viable and non-viable bacteria on the glass surface. Results of the solubility and ion release studies show that this glass system is suitable for controlled delivery of Ga3+. 71Ga NMR and Ga K-edge XANES measurements indicate that the gallium is octahedrally coordinated by oxygen atoms in all samples. The results presented here suggest that PBGs may be useful in controlled drug delivery applications, to deliver gallium ions in order to prevent infections due to P. aeruginosa biofilms.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Published on behalf of Acta Materialia, Inc. Published online: 10 October 2008. Issue: May 2009.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Glass; Drug delivery; Microbiology; Antimicrobial; Biofilm
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Departments, Research Centres and Related Units:Academic Faculties, Institutes and Research Centres > Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Sciences
ID Code:921
Deposited On:21 Oct 2009 10:19
Last Modified:19 May 2011 19:43

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